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Tuesday, May 07, 2019

Arthritis: Causes, Symptoms and regimens

Arthritis


Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints (A joint is an area of the body where two different bones meet. A joint functions to move the body parts connected by its bones).  It can affect one joint or multiple joints.

The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age.


Types of Arthritis

The two main types of arthritis — osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis — damage joints in different ways.

OsteoArthritis

The most common type of arthritis, osteoarthritis involves wear-and-tear damage to your joint's cartilage — the hard, slick coating on the ends of bones. Enough damage can result in bone grinding directly on bone, which causes pain and restricted movement. This wear and tear can occur over many years, or it can be hastened by a joint injury or infection.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

In rheumatoid arthritis, the body's immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule, a tough membrane that encloses all the joint parts. This lining, known as the synovial membrane, becomes inflamed and swollen. The disease process can eventually destroy cartilage and bone within the joint.


Symptoms of Arthritis

The most common signs and symptoms of arthritis involve the joints:
👉Pain
👉Stiffness
👉Swelling
👉Redness
👉Decreased range of motion

Risk factors of Arthritis


👉Family history: Some types of arthritis run in families, so it may be more likely to develop arthritis if  parents or siblings have the disorder. Genes can make you more susceptible to environmental factors that may trigger arthritis.

👉Age: The risk of many types of arthritis including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout — increases with age.

👉Sex: Women are more likely than are men to develop rheumatoid arthritis, while most of the people who have gout, another type of arthritis, are men.
Previous joint injury:  People who have injured a joint, perhaps while playing a sport, are more likely to eventually develop arthritis in that joint.

👉Obesity: Carrying excess pounds puts stress on joints, particularly your knees, hips and spine. Obese people have a higher risk of developing arthritis.

Treatment of Arthritis

The main goal of treatment is to reduce the amount of pain and prevent additional damage to the joints. Relieve can be find through heating pads and ice packs.  use of mobility assistance devices, like canes or walkers, to help take pressure off sore joints.


A number of different types of medication treat arthritis:

👉Analgesics: such as paracetamol tab 1g thrice daily, are effective for pain management, but don’t help decrease inflammation.

👉Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs):, such as ibuprofen, Diclofenac and salicylates (aspirin) help control pain and inflammation. Salicylates can thin the blood, so they should be used very cautiously with additional blood thinning medications.

👉Menthol or capsaicin creams block the transmission of pain signals.

What lifestyle changes can help people with Arthritis

👉Weight loss and maintaining a healthy weight reduce the risk of developing OA and can reduce symptoms.

👉Eating a healthy diet is important for weight loss: A choice of diet with lots of antioxidants, such as fresh fruits, vegetables, and herbs, can help reduce inflammation. Other inflammation-reducing foods include fish and nuts.

👉Foods to minimize or avoid if you have arthritis include fried foods, processed foods, dairy products, and high intakes of meat.

👉Regular exercise will keep the joints flexible: Swimming is often a good form of exercise for people with arthritis because it doesn’t put pressure on the joints the way running and walking do. Staying active is important.

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